ADHD is a chronic condition that usually begins in childhood and may continue to affect the patient for many years. This condition makes it difficult for the patient to concentrate or sit still. It can affect performance in school or at work, and it can contribute to behavioral problems.
Scientists believe that ADHD occurs because of a combination of factors, including genetic traits, environmental exposures, and problems with the development of the central nervous system. Risk factors for ADHD include:
The most common symptoms of ADHD include:
The severity of these symptoms can vary from one patient to the next. Some patients may have only hyperactive or inattentive symptoms, while others may have both types of symptoms.
All children struggle with inattention or impulsivity at some time. In general, Dr. Horne won’t suspect ADHD unless the child has struggled continuously with these problems for several months. To make the diagnosis, Dr. Horne conducts a physical exam, interviews family members and teachers, and interviews the child. If the child meets the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Dr. Horne diagnoses ADHD.
One of the most common treatments for ADHD is medication. Dr. Horne may prescribe a stimulant, such as Ritalin, to help control the symptoms of this condition. However, all medications come with side effects, so it’s important to discuss this issue with Dr. Horne in detail before beginning treatment.
In addition to taking medication, children with ADHD may also benefit from behavioral therapy, counseling, and education. Dr. Horne discusses the benefits of each treatment option so parents can make the best choice for the child.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!